Chronic inflammatory diseases have become major causes of global morbidity and mortality. Inflammation is a natural process coordinated by the immune system, which primary function is to maintain the organism homeostasis. The inflammatory process is meant to protect the body against the attack of foreign agents, but it is also activated in response to other endogenous signals, such as tissue damage signals produced by injuries, thus playing a major role in tissue repairment. Occasionally, if the inflammatory response is not correctly resolved, the acute inflammatory process can evolve into a chronic inflammation, which in turn can lead to different related diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), NALFD and cardiovascular disease (CVD), among many others. Furthermore, the existence of a direct relationship between the inflammatory process and cancer has also been established, making even more relevant the need for the study of this process’ pathogeny.